In my last post, I included 30 citations from the Qur’an looking at peace, compassion, mercy and justice. In part two, I am now going to finish this series by looking at the second textual source of Islam: the hadith. These are the collections of the sayings, behaviour and teachings of the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) as an exemplary guide of the core messages of the Qur’an. So here is an outline of the teachings of peacemaking, just ruling, honesty, kindness, charity and non-violence.
1. The best jihad is a word of truth in front of a tyrannical ruler.
2. ‘Assist your brother or sister Muslim, whether he be an oppressor or an oppressed.’ ‘But how shall we do it when someone is an oppressor?’ Muhammad said, ‘Assisting an oppressor is by forbidding and withholding that person from oppression.’
3. Truly God instructs me to be humble and lowly and not proud, and no one should oppress others.
4. Faith is a restraint against all violence, let no Mu’min [believer] commit violence.
5. Deal gently with the people, and be not harsh; cheer them and condemn them not.
6. Kindness is a mark of faith, and whoever has not kindness has not faith.
7. Allah will not be merciful to those who are not merciful to people.
8. The proud will not enter paradise, nor a violent speaker.
9. Someone said to the Prophet, ‘Pray to God against the idolators and curse them.’ The Prophet replied, ‘I have been sent to show mercy and have not been sent to curse.’
10. All God’s creatures are His family; and he or she is the most beloved of God who tries to do most good to God’s creatures.
11. The best of people is one from whom good accrues to humanity.
12. What actions are most excellent? To gladden the heart of a human being, to feed the hungry, to help the afflicted, to lighten the sorrow of the sorrowful, and to remove the wrongs of the injured.
13. Anyone of you who sees wrong, let him undo it with his hand; and if he cannot, then let him speak against it with his tongue, and if he cannot do this either, then (let him abhor it) with his heart, and this is the least of faith.
14. The most beloved in the sight of God, on the day of resurrection, and the nearest to Him, in regard to position, shall be the just leader; and the most hateful of men in the sight of God on the day of resurrection, and the farthest removed form Him, shall be the tyrannical leader.
15. God is gentle and loves gentleness.
16. There is a Sadaqa [charitable gift] to be given for every joint of the human body; and for every day on which the sun rises there is a reward of a Sadaqa for the one who establishes justice among people.
17. You will not enter Paradise until you believe and you will not believe until you love each other. Shall I show you something that, if you did, you would love each other? Spread peace between yourselves.
18. You should show courtesy and be cordial with each other, so that nobody should consider himself superior to another nor do him harm.
19. Do not turn away a poor man…even if all you can give is half a date. If you love the poor and bring them near you… God will bring you near Him on the Day of Resurrection.
20. Avoid cruelty and injustice…and guard yourselves against miserliness, for this has ruined nations who lived before you.
21. Seven kinds of people will be sheltered under the shade of God on the Day of Judgement…They are: a just ruler, a young man who passed his youth in the worship and service of God…,one whose heart is attached to the mosque…,two people who love each other for the sake of God…,a man who is invited to sin…but declines, saying ‘I fear God’…,one who spends his charity in secret, without making a show…and one who remembers God in solitude so that his eyes overflow.
22. Make your character good for the people.
23. It is better for a leader to make a mistake in forgiving than than to make a mistake in punishing.
24. None of you truly believes until he wishes for his brother what he wishes for himself.
25. There is a reward for kindness to every living thing.
26. The worst of guardians is a cruel ruler. Beware of becoming one of them.
27. The most hated person in the sight of Allah is the most quarrelsome person.
28. Whoever forsakes his brother for a year, it is as if he has shed his blood.
29. A true believer does not taunt or curse or abuse or talk indecently.
30. To administer justice between two people is charity.
So, that is the concluding part of this brief two part series aimed at giving a core outline of Islam contrary to ISIS ideology, Islamophobic discourse and mass media rhetoric. To be a true Muslim, you must believe in mercy, justice, honesty, truth and and peace and strive to act in accordance with these values in your daily life. Once again – ISIS does not represent Islam!
Feature image: Steve Browne and John Verkleir
The Threshold Society (2001) ‘A Collection of Hadith on Non-Violence, Peace and Mercy‘
For a further more extensive list of websites consulted, click here